Carbon footprintis the amount of direct & indirect greenhouse gases emitted by a product, activity or organisation, expressed as carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e).
What areScope 1,Scope 2andScope 3emissions?
Total Carbon Footprintmeans the amount of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that are directly and indirectly emitted by an organisation across its value chain. This is represented by Scope 1, 2 and 3 CO2e emissions.
Scope 1 CO2e emissionsare all direct GHG emissions resulting from activities within the organisation's control (includes on-site fuel combustion, manufacturing and process emissions, refrigerant losses and company vehicles).
Scope 2 CO2e emissionsareindirect GHG emissions from energy commodities (e.g. electricity) purchased and used by the organisation.
Scope 3 CO2e emissionsare all other indirect GHG emissions from the organisation's activities, occurring from sources that they do not own or control. These are usually the greatest share of an organisation's carbon footprint and include emissions associated with business travel, procurement, waste and water, among other activities.
What are theframeworksfor assessing Carbon Footprint?
The frameworks for assessing carbon footprint share the common objective of providing guidance for standardising, accounting and reporting GHG emissions using science-based methodology. Different frameworks exist to comply with international standards and regional regulations. Leading frameworks include:
ISO 14064 refers to the International Organization for Standardization 14064 for the quantification and reporting of GHG emissions and removal
GHG Protocol refers to the Greenhouse Gas Protocol by World Resources Institute and World Business Council for Sustainable Development
US EPA refers to the United States Environmental Protection Agency Greenhouse Gas Inventory Development Process and Guidance
NGER refers to the Australian National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007
PCAF refers to the Global GHG Accounting & Reporting Standard for the Financial Industry by Partnership for Carbon Accounting Financials
What aresimple waysto reduce your Carbon Footprint?
First, assess your organisation's carbon footprint. Next, registeron givvable and complete our carbon footprint module. Your organisation can earn search tags that boost your visibility to business buyers looking to engage with suppliers taking action on sustainability.
Simple Scope 1 emissions reductions include:
- Encouraging employees to commute to work using public transport or carpooling, - Encouraging digital documents and files, rather than printing or storing physical documents. - Purchase sustainable office and pantry items (avoid disposable items, including cutlery, cups and plates). - Installing energy efficient lighting, appliances and/or building insulation. - Switch off lights, equipment and appliances when not in use. - Using video and tele-conferencing rather than flying to attend business meetings. - Encouraging waste separation with clearly labelled bins for general, recyclable, bio-degradable and hazardous etc. waste categories. - Install efficient water fixtures where appropriate, such as low flow taps. - Use heating and cooling only in areas where it is needed (e.g. corridors) - Using electric or hybrid fleet vehicles.
Simple Scope 2 emissions reductions include:
- Switching to renewable energy sources for electricity needs. This can be done by installing solar panels or switching to green energy suppliers.
Simple Scope 3 emissions reductions include:
- Implementing a sustainable procurement policy. - Choosing sustainable transportation options to deliver services or transport goods. - Procuring from suppliers that have calculated and are actively managing down their carbon footprint. - Procuring from suppliers that have set net zero targets using science-based methodology. - Procuring from suppliers with third party verified sustainability credentials. - Procuring from suppliers with demonstrated awareness and understanding of emerging buyer requirements on sustainability.